Friday, May 13, 2011

Garden Planting Styles

Garden planting styles are different than types of gardens. I am sure that somewhere out there is a more technical term for them both, but this is how I learned it. Planting styles refer to how, you choose to plant and deal with the plants in a continuous manner. While garden types tend to be more about the shape and overall look of the garden.

Here is a list of ten planting styles that I have used over the years, which seem to work well. Some of it is trial an error to find which type works best for your gardening personality and of course location.

1.) Companion planting ---

Is the practice of planting certain types of plants together in an effort to deter and repel insects and disease.

2.) Crop rotation ---

Is the practice of planting different crops in a rotating manner on the same piece of land each season. This is done to avoid the risk of soil borne diseases and to reduce the depletion of the nutrients in the soil.

Even small gardens benefit from this practice, especially when growing vegetables year after year. I have had success in doing this and have found that it cuts down the need to amend the soil every single year.

3.) Habitat ---

Refers to a plants native growing environment and includes its natural ecological community it belongs in. This is important to consider for any plants you intend to add to your garden as it will affect how much water, time, and effort will be required to maintain your garden.

4.) Lath house ---

A structure with narrow boards creating slats which protect plants from harsh dry winds and hot sun. Yet, the design of the structure is such that it still allows air and light to reach the plants.  This is typically a seasonal growing environment for items like mushrooms.

5.) Succession planting ---

Planning and planting crops every few days or weeks apart for continual fresh crop availability all season long.

6.) Organic gardening ---

While currently a catch phrase, it is actually a very old gardening style. It is the system of using only natural ingredients in the growth process. Avoiding all synthetic fertilizers and pesticides is managed by the use and creation of your own compost pile.

7.) Natural gardening ---

Simply a style of gardening that features native plants to the region they are being grown. And it allows for the plants to grow in a natural state with minimal maintenance. This style of garden minimizes the need for fertilizers and pesticides to be used.

8.) Edible Landscaping ---

The practice of designing your entire landscape around the ability to grow vegetables, fruit and herbs for consumption with the occasional annual flower tossed in for a nontraditional look. Self sustaining individuals will do this to maximize space and b e less dependent upon store availability.

9.) Naturalization –

This is different than natural gardening that is planned and maintained. Usually it refers to plants that grow and propagate without any outside assistance. Bulb plants, berry bushes, and the like are excellent examples of this type of growth.

While not a typical garden style for the whole yard. It is done on a small scale in certain sections. Allowing for minimal maintenance in areas to lower the amount of upkeep required.

10.) Mixed Border ---

When you hear this term, what people are usually referring to is a mix planting on an edge or a very narrow strip. Generally it is planted with shrubs, bulbs, annuals, and perennials, that require little in the way of long term maintenance.

Would you be willing to share some of your success's with different planting styles? 

You also might be interested in reading Tips for a Successful Garden, Garden Terminology, Garden Tools Part One, Part Two and Part Three, and Types of Gardens.

Edited 5/23/11 to add link for types of gardens.

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